Grading Syllabus

Time between grading is three months up to blue belt (approx one and a half years) then six months for the remaining four to reach black belt, minimum time to reach black belt is three and a half years. From Green belt it is advised to attend minimum of two lessons per week otherwise you may find it difficult to sufficiently learn and practice the syllabus in the minimum times between gradings.

There are four gradings through the year with the exception of the black belt grading. The grading examiner will be a seventh Dan TAGB black belt ensuring a true independent evaluation of your progress, skill and proficiency.

Below is part of what a student needs to learn and practice for each grade, the full set of requirements are found in the book "Taekwon-do: Grading Syllabus White Belt to Black Belt" which is available from your instructor.
White belt signifies innocence, as that of a beginning student, who has no previous knowledge of Tae Kwon-Do

Korean Terminology

About Turn > Dwiyro Torro
Attention > Charyot
Attention Stance > Charyot Sogi
Backwards > Dwiyro Kaggi
Bow > Kyong Ye
Dismiss > Haessan
Forwards > Apro Kaggi
Ready > Chunbi
Return To Ready Stance > Barrol
Start > Si-Jak
Stop > Goman

General Terms
Belt > Ti
Foot-Fist-Art > Tae Kwon-Do
Four Directional Punch > Sajo Jirugi
Instructor > Sabum
Student > Jeja
Training Hall > Dojang
Training Suit > Dobok

01 (One) > Hanna
02 (Two) > Dool
03 (Three) > Seth
04 (Four) > Neth
05 (Five) > Dasaul
06 (Six) > Yosaul
07 (Seven) > Ilgop
08 (Eight) > Yodoll
09 (Nine) > Ahop
10 (Ten) > Yoll

Parts of the Body
Forearm > Palmok
Forefist > Ap Joomuk
Inner Forearm > An Palmok

Sections of the Body
High Section > Nopunde
Low Section > Najunde
Middle Section > Kaunde

Parallel Stance > Narani Sogi
Sitting Stance > Annun Sogi
Walking Stance > Gunnun Sogi

Front Rising Kick > Ap Chaolligi
Obverse Punch > Baro Jirugi
Outer Forearm > Bakat Palmok
Outer Forearm Block > Bakat Palmok Makgi
Reverse Punch > Bandae Jirugi
Side Rising Kick > Yop Chaolligi

Inner Forearm Block > An Palmok Makgi


Sajo Jirugi 1

12 Movements

Four Directional Punch 1 - Low Block

Sajo Jirugi 2

12 Movements

Four Directional Punch 1 - Middle Block

Yellow stripe belt signifies Earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Tae Kwon-Do foundations are being laid.

Korean Terminology

Left > Wen
Right > Orun

General Terms
Pattern > Tul
Press Ups > Momtong Bachia
Three Step Sparring > Sambo Matsoki

L Stance > Niunja Sogi
Ready Stance > Chumbi Sogi

Parts of the Body
Back (As In Back Fist) > Dung
Head > Mori

Sections of the Body
Side > Yop

Front Snap Kick > Ap Chabusigi
Kick > Chagi

Rising Block > Chookyo Makgi


Chon Ji

19 Movements

CHON- JI means literally "the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.

Yellow belt signifies the plants growth as Tae kwon-do skills begin to develop.

Korean Terminology

Inward > Anaero
Outward > Bakaero

General Terms
Semi Free Sparring > Ban Jayoo Matsoki

Parts of the Body
Ball Of Foot > Ap Kumchi
Footsword > Balkal
Knifehand > Sonkal
Palm > Sonbadak

Backfist > Dung Joomuk
Backfist Strike > Dung Joomuk Taerigi
Knifehand Strike > Sonkal Taerigi
Side Piercing Kick > Yop Chajirugi
Twin Forearm Block > Sang Palmok Makgi

Knife Hand Guarding Block > Sonkal Daebi Makgi
Guarding Block > Daebi Makgi
Knifehand Guarding Block > Sonkal Daebi Makgi


Dan Gun

21 Movements

DAN-GUN is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 BC.

Green stripe belt signifies the plants growth as Tae kwon-do skills begin to develop.

Korean Terminology

General Terms
Free Sparring > Jayoo Matsoki
Straight > Sun
Thrust > Tulgi

Parts of the Body
Fingertips > Sonkut

Fixed Stance > Gojong Sogi

Straight Fingertip Thrust > Sun Sonkut Tulgi
Turning Kick > Dollyo Chagi
Wrist Release > Jappyosol Tae

Wedging Block > Hechyo Makgi


Do San

24 Movements

DO-SAN is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938), who devoted his life to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

Green belt signifies the sky, towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Tae Kwon-Do progresses.

Korean Terminology

Back > Dwit

General Terms
2 Step Sparring > Ibo Matsoki
Sparring > Matsoki

Parts of the Body
Back Heel > Dwit Chook
Back Sole > Dwit Kumchi
Foot Parts > Hanbansin
Hand Parts > Sangbansin

Bending Ready Stance ‘A’ > Goburyo Sogi
Closed Ready Stance ‘A’ > Moa Junbi Sogi ‘A’

Knee Kick > Moorup Chagi
Reverse Turning Kick > Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Side Punch > Yop Jirugi
Vertical Punch > Sewo Jirugi
Vertical Stance > Soojik Sogi
Upset Punch > Dwijibo Jirugi

Circular Block > Dollymio Makgi
Hooking Block > Golcho Makgi
Waist Block > Hori Makgi


Won Hyo

28 Movements

WON-HYO was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 AD.

Blue stripe belt signifies the sky, towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Tae Kwon-Do progresses.

Korean Terminology

General Terms
Jumping > Twigi

Parts of the Body
Elbow > Palkup

‘X’ Stance > Kyocha Sogi

Hooking Kick > Golcho Chagi

Double Forearm Block > Doo Palmok Makgi
Reverse Knifehand Guarding Block > Sonkal Dung Daebi Makgi


Yul Gok

38 Movements

YUL-GOK is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea" The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram represents "scholar"
Blue signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Tae Kwon-Do progresses

Korean Terminology

General Terms
Forging Post > Dollyon Joo
One Step Sparring > Ilbo Matsoki

Arc Hand > Bandal Son
Back Kick > Dwit Chagi
Front Elbow Strike > Ap Palkup Taerigi
Pressing Kick > Noollo Chagi
Reverse Turning Hooking Kick > Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi
Side Elbow Strike > Yop Palkup Taerigi
Side Fist Side Strike > Yop Joomuk Yop Taerigi
Side Thrust Kick > Yop Cha Tulgi
Turning Punch > Dollyo Jirugi
Twin Upset Punch > Sang Dwijibo Jirugi
Upper Elbow Strike > Wi Palkup Taeregi

Parts of the Body
Side Sole > Yop Bal Badak

Closed Ready Stance ‘B’ > Moa Junbi Sogi ‘B’
Low Stance > Nachuo Sogi
Rear Foot Stance > Dwit Bal Sogi

Downward Block > Naeryo Makgi
Downward Kick > Naeryo Chagi
Inward Knifehand Strike > Anearo Sonkal Taerigi
Pressing Block > Noollo  Makgi
Scooping Block > Duro Makgi
Twin Knifehand Block > Sang Sonkal Makgi
X Block > Kyocha Makgi



32 Movements

Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910)

Red stripe belt -signifies Danger cautioning the student the student to exercise control and the warning the opponent to stay away.

Korean Terminology

Downward > Naeryo

General Terms
Flying > Twimyo
Pressing > Noolo

Parts of the Body
Upset Fingertips > Dwijibun Sonkut

Flying Kick > Twimyo Chagi
Front Pushing Kick > Ap Cha Milgi
Waving Kick > Doro Chagi

U-Shaped Block > Digutja Makgi
W-Shaped Block > San Makgi


Toi Gye

37 Movements

TOI-GYE is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram represents " scholar"
Red belt signifies Danger cautioning the student the student to exercise control and the warning the opponent to stay away.

Korean Terminology

Sections of the Body
Outside > Bakat
Inside > An
Instep > Baldung

Closed Ready Stance ‘C’ > Moa Chunbi Sogi ‘C’
Flying High Kick > Twimyo Nopi Chagi

Reverse Footsword > Baldal Dung
Twin Foot Kick > Sang Bal Chagi
Twisting Kick > Bituro Chagi
Upward Punch > Ollyo Jirugi
Vertical Kick > Sewo Chagi

Pushing Block >  Miro Makgi
Sweeping Block > Hullyo Makgi



29 Movements

HWA-RANG is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 600 AD. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Tae kwon-Do developed into maturity

Black stripe belt -signifies Danger cautioning the student the student to exercise control and the warning the opponent to stay away.

Korean Terminology

One Leg Stance > Wae Bal Sogi

Checking Block > Momchau Makgi
Double Arc Hand Block > Doo Bandalson Makgi
Reverse Knifehand > Sonkal Dung

Flat Fingertip Thrust > Opun Sonkut Tulgi
Overhead Kick > Twio Nomo Chagi
Side Fist > Yop Joomuk
Stamping Kick > Cha Bapgi
Sweeping Kick > Goro Chagi


Chong Moo

30 Movements

CHOONG-MOO was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king
Black belt is the opposite of white belt, therefore, signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do

Korean Terminology

General Terms
Breaking > Gyokpa
Grabbing > Butjaba
Sliding > Mikulgi

Parts of the Body
Arm > Pal
Back Hand > Sondung
Back Of Forearm > Dung Palmok
Base Of Knifehand > Sonkal Batang
Chest > Gasum
Eye > Angoo
Fingers > Songarak
Flat Fingertips > Opun Sonkut
Knuckle Fist > Joongi Joomuk
Leg > Dari
Straight Fingertips > Sun Sonkut
Under Fist > Mit Joomuk
Under Forearm > Mit Palmok

Turn > Dolgi

Sections of the Body
Under > Mit

Consecutive Kick > Yonsok Chagi
Angle Punch > Giokja Jirugi
Back Elbow Thrust > Dwit Palkup Taerigi
Crescent Kick > Bandal Chagi
Horizontal Punch > Soopyong Jirugi
Rising Knee Kick > Ollyo Moorup Chagi
Twin Side Elbow Thrust > Sang Yop Palkup Tulgi
U-Shaped Grasp > Mong Dung I Japki

9 Shaped Block > Gutcha Makgi
Reverse Knifehand Block > Sonkal Dung Makgi
Rising Palm Heel Block > Ollyo Sonbadak Makgi


Kwang Gae

39 Movements

The name Kwang Gae refers to King Kwang Gae T'O Wang, 19th ruler of Korea's Koguryo Dynasty. King Kwang Gae retook many of the lost territories lost to Korea, including the greater part of Manchuria.The movement plan for the pattern represents this expansion and recovery of lost territory and the 39 movements refer to the first two digits of 391, the year he came to the throne.

Ge Baek

44 Movements

Ge Baek is named after General Ge Baek of the Baek Je Dynasty(660 AD) and the pattern movement plan is intended to represent his strict military discipline. Ge Baek consists of 44 movements.

Po Eun

36 Movements

Po Eun is the pseudonym of a fifteenth century Korean poet and scientist called Chong Mong Chu. Chong is also revered as a great patriot, having penned the lines, i would not serve a second master though i might be crucified a hundred times. the pattern movement plan denoted his unerring loyalty to his King and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynastyand consists of 36 movements.