Time between grading is three months up to blue belt (approx one and a half years) then six months for the remaining four to reach black belt, minimum time to reach black belt is three and a half years. From Green belt it is advised to attend minimum of two lessons per week otherwise you may find it difficult to sufficiently learn and practice the syllabus in the minimum times between gradings.
There are four gradings through the year with the exception of the black belt grading. The grading examiner will be a seventh Dan TAGB black belt ensuring a true independent evaluation of your progress, skill and proficiency.
Below is part of what a student needs to learn and practice for each grade, the full set of requirements are found in the book "Taekwon-do: Grading Syllabus White Belt to Black Belt" which is available from your instructor.
White belt signifies innocence, as that of a beginning student, who has no previous knowledge of Tae Kwon-Do
Parts of the Body
Back (As In Back Fist) > Dung
Head > Mori
Sections of the Body
Side > Yop
Front Snap Kick > Ap Chabusigi
Kick > Chagi
Rising Block > Chookyo Makgi
CHON- JI means literally "the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
Yellow belt signifies the plants growth as Tae kwon-do skills begin to develop.
Inward > Anaero
Outward > Bakaero
Semi Free Sparring > Ban Jayoo Matsoki
Parts of the Body Ball Of Foot > Ap Kumchi
Footsword > Balkal
Knifehand > Sonkal
Palm > Sonbadak
YUL-GOK is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea" The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram represents "scholar"
Blue signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Tae Kwon-Do progresses
Forging Post > Dollyon Joo
One Step Sparring > Ilbo Matsoki
Arc Hand > Bandal Son
Back Kick > Dwit Chagi
Front Elbow Strike > Ap Palkup Taerigi
Pressing Kick > Noollo Chagi
Reverse Turning Hooking Kick > Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi
Side Elbow Strike > Yop Palkup Taerigi
Side Fist Side Strike > Yop Joomuk Yop Taerigi
Side Thrust Kick > Yop Cha Tulgi
Turning Punch > Dollyo Jirugi
Twin Upset Punch > Sang Dwijibo Jirugi
Upper Elbow Strike > Wi Palkup Taeregi
Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910)
Red stripe belt -signifies Danger cautioning the student the student to exercise control and the warning the opponent to stay away.
Downward > Naeryo
Flying > Twimyo
Pressing > Noolo
Parts of the Body
Upset Fingertips > Dwijibun Sonkut
Flying Kick > Twimyo Chagi
Front Pushing Kick > Ap Cha Milgi
Waving Kick > Doro Chagi
TOI-GYE is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram represents " scholar"
Red belt signifies Danger cautioning the student the student to exercise control and the warning the opponent to stay away.
Sections of the Body
Outside > Bakat
Inside > An
Instep > Baldung
HWA-RANG is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 600 AD. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Tae kwon-Do developed into maturity
Black stripe belt -signifies Danger cautioning the student the student to exercise control and the warning the opponent to stay away.
Flat Fingertip Thrust > Opun Sonkut Tulgi
Overhead Kick > Twio Nomo Chagi
Side Fist > Yop Joomuk
Stamping Kick > Cha Bapgi
Sweeping Kick > Goro Chagi
CHOONG-MOO was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king
Black belt is the opposite of white belt, therefore, signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do
Parts of the Body
Arm > Pal
Back Hand > Sondung
Back Of Forearm > Dung Palmok
Base Of Knifehand > Sonkal Batang
Chest > Gasum
Eye > Angoo
Fingers > Songarak
Flat Fingertips > Opun Sonkut
Knuckle Fist > Joongi Joomuk
Leg > Dari
Straight Fingertips > Sun Sonkut
Under Fist > Mit Joomuk
Under Forearm > Mit Palmok
The name Kwang Gae refers to King Kwang Gae T'O Wang, 19th ruler of Korea's Koguryo Dynasty. King Kwang Gae retook many of the lost territories lost to Korea, including the greater part of Manchuria.The movement plan for the pattern represents this expansion and recovery of lost territory and the 39 movements refer to the first two digits of 391, the year he came to the throne.
Ge Baek is named after General Ge Baek of the Baek Je Dynasty(660 AD) and the pattern movement plan is intended to represent his strict military discipline. Ge Baek consists of 44 movements.
Po Eun is the pseudonym of a fifteenth century Korean poet and scientist called Chong Mong Chu. Chong is also revered as a great patriot, having penned the lines, i would not serve a second master though i might be crucified a hundred times. the pattern movement plan denoted his unerring loyalty to his King and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynastyand consists of 36 movements.